Publications at NRL

Search by Title


Search by Author


Conference Paper


Impact of Node Heterogeneity in ZigBee Mesh Network Routing


Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 LR-WPAN standard, the ZigBee standard has been proposed to interconnect simple, low rate, and battery powered wireless devices. The deployment of ZigBee networks is expected to facilitate numerous applications, such as home-appliance networks, home healthcare, medical monitoring, consumer electronics, and environmental sensors. An effective routing scheme in a ZigBee network is particularly important in that it is the key to achieve resource (e.g., bandwidth and energy) efficiency in ZigBee networks. Routing in a ZigBee network is not exactly the same as in a MANET. In particular, while Full Function Devices (FFD) can serve as network coordinators or network routers, Reduced Function Devices (RFD) can only associate and communicate with FFDs in a ZigBee network. Therefore, different from traditional MANET routing algorithms, which only take into account node mobility to figure out a best route to a given destination, node heterogeneity plays an important role in ZigBee network routing. In this paper, we perform extensive evaluation, using NS-2 simulator, to study the impact of node heterogeneity on ZigBee mesh network routing. The results show that the ZigBee mesh routing algorithm exhibits significant performance difference when the network is highly heterogenous. We also reveal that the node type and the role of the node plays a critical role in deciding routing performances.

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

The 2006 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC'06), Taipei, Taiwan, January. 2006


Nia-Chiang Liang
Ping-Chieh Chen
Tony Sun
Guang Yang
Ling-Jyh Chen
Mario Gerla