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Reliable Safety Message Dissemination in NLOS intersections using TV White Spectrum


Reliable safety message dissemination is a fundamental primitive for constructing intersection safety systems. Normally, the dissemination is based on vehicular communications, of which the de-facto standard is Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). However, due to high frequency operations, a DSRC signal is seriously attenuated when being propagated in Non Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) conditions. Previous schemes leveraged the use of centralized infrastructures or relay vehicles enabling a safety message to bypass large obstacles. However, implementing the infrastructures in all intersections would be very costly; one may not find proper relay vehicles in low density, and frequent rebroadcasts cause serious network congestion in high density. To address this challenge, we propose a novel scheme that exploits excellent propagation characteristics of a TV White Space (TVWS) band (in addition to a DSRC band) for reliable dissemination in NLOS intersections. To ensure reliable dissemination throughout a broad range of densities without infrastructures, our scheme employs two innovative mechanisms: a collaborative procedure and a Dynamic optimal Configuration (DoC). To our knowledge, this is the first that simultaneously satisfies two vital demands for intersection safety system: 1) lacking infrastructures and 2) working well in all densities. Simulation studies show that the proposed scheme outperforms previous infrastructure-based schemes.


Information & Date

IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, , May. 2017


Jae-Han Lim
Katsuhiro Naito
Ji-Hoon Yun
Mario Gerla