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CLIPS: Infrastructure-free Collaborative Indoor Positioning Scheme for Time-critical Team Operations


Indoor localization has attracted much attention recently due to its potential for realizing indoor location- aware application services. This paper considers a time-critical scenario with a team of soldiers or first responders conducting emergency mission operations in a large building in which infrastructure-based localization is not feasible (e.g., due to management/installation costs, power outage, terrorist attacks). To this end, we design and implement a collaborative indoor positioning scheme (CLIPS) that requires no preexisting indoor infrastructure. We assume that each user has a received signal strength map for the area in reference. This is used by the application to compare and select a set of feasible positions, when the device receives actual signal strength values at run time. Then, dead reckoning is performed to remove invalid candidate coordinates eventually leaving only the correct one which can be shared amongst the team. Our evaluation results from an Android-based testbed show that CLIPS converges to an accurate set of coordinates much faster than existing non- collaborative schemes (more than 50% improvement under the considered scenarios).

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

PerCom 2017, San Diego, CA, March. 2013


Youngtae Noh
Hirozumi Yamaguchi
Uichin Lee
Prerna Vij
Josh Joy
Mario Gerla