Publications at NRL

Search by Title


Search by Author


Conference Paper


Quantitative Evaluation of Secure Network Coding using Homomorphic Signature/Hashing


Network coding has gained significant attention by improving throughput and reliability in disruptive MANETs. Yet, it is vulnerable to attacks from malicious nodes. In order to prevent malicious attacks, we have explored the use of secure network coding schemes based on homomorphic properties of cryptographic systems. While homomorphic methods protect network coding from both external and internal attacks, they do increase processing overhead as they require complex crypto- graphic operations (e.g., exponentiation, multiplication, modular operations). The goal of this paper is two fold: assess the feasibility of implementing Homomorphic Network Coding in an off the shelf laptop/smartphone platform, and; evaluate the processing and delay performance when such implementations are deployed in a simple network scenario. To this end, we have implemented in LINUX an RSA-based homomorphic algorithm built on the field of integers which has exhibited very competitive processing efficiency as compared with published (public-key) schemes. For the LINUX implementation we have measured the processing delay for various flow and parameter settings. We have then integrated the homomorphic processing model (with associated O/H) in a MANET network simulator. Using this simulator, we have evaluated the performance of Homomorphic Network Coding under various network conditions and have compared it with other Secure Network Coding approaches. We conclude the paper with a discussion of secure coding feasibility and cost for different application scenarios.

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

NetCod 2011, Beijing, July. 2011


Seung-Hoon Lee
Mario Gerla
Hugo Krawczyk
Kang-Won Lee
Elizabeth A. Quaglia