Publications at NRL

Search by Title


Search by Author


Journal Paper


Interplay Between TVWS and DSRC: Optimal Strategy for Safety Message Dissemination in VANET


In vehicular safety systems, two types of safety messages are required: Emergency Safety Message (ESM) and Periodic Beacon Message (PBM). The ESM has to be disseminated within a specified area with stringent delay and delivery ratio requirements, while the PBM does not need to meet these requirements. For exchanging the safety messages in Vehicular Ad-hoc NETwork (VANET), Inter-Vehicle Communication (IVC) is necessary whose de facto standard is Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC). However, the effective transmission range in the DSRC-based IVC is short since a signal can be attenuated due to blocking by obstacles. In order to cover a large dissemination area in the DSRC-based IVC, multi-hop dissemination is required, which however causes channel collision and network congestion. Moreover, the coexistence with PBMs aggravates the collision and the congestion, which makes it hard to satisfy the requirements of the ESM dissemination. To overcome the limitation of the DSRC, we utilize an extra TV White Space (TVWS) band that has a large communication range for ESM disseminations, and exploit a DSRC band for 1) the exchange of control data and 2) the compensation of ESM reception errors. In this paper, we propose and analyze a distributed channel usage framework that exploits advantages of DSRC and TVWS bands for ESM dissemination under the existence of PBMs. Our scheme employs TVWS Channel Rendezvous Algorithm (TCRA), ensuring that vehicles within a dissemination area select the same channel with the ESM sender. To compensate ESM reception failures in a TVWS band, our scheme adopts Two-Way Recovery Algorithm (TWRA) that uses DSRC and TVWS bands for ESM retransmission. Further, we establish an analytical delivery ratio model that considers a delay bound of an ESM for optimal parameter selections. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to propose a distributed channel usage scheme that leverages the strengths of TVWS and DSRC bands for safety message dissemination. Through an in-depth simulation study, we show that the proposed scheme satisfies ESM requirements for latency and packet delivery ratio, and outperforms previous approaches in various vehicular scenarios.

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

Journal on Selected Area in Communications, Vol.32, No.11 , , November. 2014


Jae-Han Lim
Wooseong Kim
Katsuhiro Naito
Ji-Hoon Yun
Danijela Cabric
Mario Gerla