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Conference Paper


Fairness Evaluation of Pipeline Coded and non Coded TCP Flows


Intra-flow network coding was proposed in recent years as a way of enhancing TCP performance over wireless networks. Transmission reliability is improved by sending redundant coded packets instead of retransmitting data packets. In this paper, we discuss the complex issue of TCP interaction with network coding and identify how network coding hides indistinctively link and congestion losses from TCP. Thus, some congestion losses do not trigger TCP congestion window reduction mechanisms. We then focus on fairness issues between coded and non-coded flows. As coded flows are less sensitive than non-coded flows to congestion losses, it prevents them from being as good as noncoded ones at reacting to congestion, making them greedier. We compare the performance of competing Pipeline-coded and non-coded flows in a bottleneck topology. In order to evaluate the fairness of coded flows, we introduce a new fairness index, given that coded flows normally perform better on lossy links without necessarily impacting noncoded flows. Our results show that unfairness exists, but it does interestingly not impact highly, because even with relatively high redundancy factors, non-coded flows do not starve. It shows that congestion losses are correlated enough to enable TCP over coding to react to the signal.

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

ICC 14, Sydney, Austrailia, August. 2014


Paul-Louis AGENEAU
Mario Gerla