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Topology Design and Bandwidth Allocation in ATM Nets


In emerging network technologies designed to support a variety of services, it is common to find that the packet switching service is implemented on top of a facility network. For example, in typical narrowband ISDN architectures, the packet switches installed at some of the central offices (CO’s) are interconnected with trunks derived from an underlying channelized facility network. Likewise, in future broadband ISDN’s, the ATM switches will he connected with trunks obtained from an underlying “pool” of fiber facilities interconnected by digital cross connect systems (DCS). In this paper, we address the design of a P/S network embedded into a backbone facility network. We formulate the problem as a network optimization problem where a congestion measure based on the average packet delay is minimized, subject to capacity constraints posed by the underlying facility trunks. The variables in this problem are the routing on the “express” pipes (i.e., the channels that interconnect the PIS modes), and the allocation of bandwidth to such pipes. We present an efficient algorithm for the solution of the above problem and apply it to some representative examples. We show that for some test cases, the congestion measure is substantially reduced with respect to the values obtained when the embedded topology is kept identical to the hackbone topology. We also discuss dynamic reconfiguration schemes where the embedded topology is periodically adjusted to track the fluctuations in traffic requirements.

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Information & Date

IEEE JSAC, Special Issue on Network Design and Planning, , September. 1989


Mario Gerla
J. Monteiro
R. Pazos