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Tackling Group-To-Tree Matching in Large Scale Group Communications


As a mechanism to efficiently support group communications, multicasting, faces a serious state scalability problem when there are large numbers of groups in the network. Recently, a novel solution called Aggregated Multicast has been proposed, in which multiple groups can share one delivery tree. A key problem in Aggregated Multicast is group-to-tree matching (i.e., assigning groups to proper trees). In this paper, we formally define this problem, and formulate two versions of the problem: static and dynamic. We analyze the static version and prove that it is NP-complete. To tackle this hard problem, we propose three algorithms: one optimal (using Linear Integer Programming, or ILP), one near-optimal (using Greedy method), and one Pseudo-Dynamic algorithm. For the dynamic version, we present a generic dynamic on-line algorithm. Simulation study has been conducted to evaluate the performance of the algorithms. Our results show that: (1) for the static problem, the Greedy algorithm is a feasible solution and its performance is very close to the optimal ILP solution, while the Pseudo-Dynamic algorithm is a good heuristic for many cases where Greedy does not work well; (2) for the dynamic problem, the generic dynamic on-line algorithm is a very practical solution with promising performance and reasonable computation requirement.


Information & Date

Computer Networks, , October. 2007


Li Lao
Jun-Hong Cui