Publications at NRL

Search by Title


Search by Author


Conference Paper


Audio Streaming over Bluetooth: An Adaptive ARQ Timeout Approach


Streaming audio has become a popular form of media on the Internet. As wireless personal area network architectures (e.g. Bluetooth) are now targeted to support multimedia traffic, streaming audio over these technologies will give rise to interesting applications. But, the variable nature of the wireless medium will not lend itself easily to supporting audio streaming. In this paper we focus on Bluetooth and propose, an enhancement to the Bluetooth link layer ARQ mechanism to compensate for channel degradation and to better support audio streaming. Specifically, our scheme adaptively sets the ARQ timeout value based on current channel measurements. We show through testbed experiments that the adaptive ARQ improves the streaming quality significantly compared to the “vanilla” link layer of Bluetooth, especially in noisy environments. Our proposed approach is simple to implement and can actually be extended to the link layer of any wireless technology.

Paper: PDF file of paper

Information & Date

The 6th International Workshop on Multimedia Network Systems and Applications (MNSA 2004), Tokyo, Japan, October. 2004


Ling-Jyh Chen
Rohit Kapoor
Kevin C. Lee
M. Y. Sanadidi
Mario Gerla